Politik (dari bahasa Yunani: politikos, yang berarti dari, untuk, atau yang berkaitan dengan warga negara), adalah proses pembentukan dan pembagian kekuasaan dalam masyarakat yang antara lain berwujud proses pembuatan keputusan, khususnya dalam negara. Pengertian ini merupakan upaya penggabungan antara berbagai definisi yang berbeda mengenai hakikat politik yang dikenal dalam ilmu politik.
Politik adalah seni dan ilmu untuk meraih kekuasaan secara konstitusional maupun nonkonstitusional.
Di samping itu politik juga dapat ditilik dari sudut pandang berbeda, yaitu antara lain:
- politik adalah usaha yang ditempuh warga negara untuk mewujudkan kebaikan bersama (teori klasik Aristoteles)
- politik adalah hal yang berkaitan dengan penyelenggaraan pemerintahan dan negara
- politik merupakan kegiatan yang diarahkan untuk mendapatkan dan mempertahankan kekuasaan di masyarakat
- politik adalah segala sesuatu tentang proses perumusan dan pelaksanaan kebijakan publik.
Dalam konteks memahami politik perlu dipahami beberapa kunci, antara lain: kekuasaan politik, legitimasi, sistem politik, perilaku politik, partisipasi politik, proses politik, dan juga tidak kalah pentingnya untuk mengetahui seluk beluk tentang partai politik.
PustakaBahasaInggris.com – Artikel hari ini berisi 3 Dialog Bahasa Inggris tentang POLITIK. Dapatkan Latihan Soal dan materi Bahasa Inggris terkait dengan contoh dialog di bawah ini.
3 Dialog Bahasa Inggris tentang POLITIK Lengkap dengan Terjemahan dan Latihan Soal
Situation: Andrew and Bob discuss going to vote in an election.
Situasi: Andrew dan Bob membahas akan memilih dalam pemilihan.
Andrew: I am going out now, I’ll see you at the class later.
Andrew: Aku akan keluar sekarang, aku akan menemui kamu di kelas nanti.
Bob: Why are you going so early today? The class doesn’t start for ages.
Bob: Kenapa kamu pergi pagi-pagi sekali hari ini? Kelas mulai masih lama.
Andrew: I want to go and vote at the polling station now as I’ll be too busy later.
Andrew: Aku ingin pergi dan memberikan suara di TPS sekarang karena aku akan terlalu sibuk nanti.
Bob: Why are you going to vote? What is the vote for?
Bob: Mengapa kamu akan memilih? Untuk apa suara itu?
Andrew: What do you mean? It is a by-election.
Andrew: Apa maksudmu? Ini adalah pemilihan.
Bob: Oh. I’d no idea there was an election.
Bob: Oh. Aku tidak tahu ada pemilihan.
Andrew: What do you mean? Haven’t you seen all the leaflets from the candidates?
Andrew: Apa maksudmu? Apakah kamu tidak melihat semua selebaran dari kandidat?
Bob: I just threw them away. I wasn’t interested.
Bob: Aku baru saja membuangnya. Aku tidak tertarik.
Andrew: Aren’t you going to vote today?
Andrew: Apakah kamu tidak akan memilih hari ini?
Bob: No. Voting isn’t important.
Bob: Tidak. Memilih tidak penting.
Andrew: Yes it is. It’s very important that you vote when you have the chance.
Andrew: Ya benar. Sangat penting bahwa kamu memilih ketika kamu memiliki kesempatan.
Andrew: Because we are very lucky to live in a democracy and not under a dictator.
Andrew: Karena kita sangat beruntung hidup dalam demokrasi dan tidak di bawah seorang diktator.
Bob: So do you vote in all the elections?
Bob: Jadi apakah kamu memilih di semua pemilu?
Andrew: Yes, I always vote. I think it’s very important to go and vote.
Andrew: Ya, aku selalu memilih. Aku pikir sangat penting untuk pergi dan memilih.
Bob: Should I go and vote today?
Bob: Haruskah aku pergi dan memilih hari ini?
Andrew: I think you should, but it’s your choice in the end. Do what you want.
Andrew: Aku pikir kamu harus, tetapi itu adalah pilihan kamu pada akhirnya. Lakukan apa yang kamu inginkan.
Situation: Patrick and Jane talk about politics in America.
Situasi: Patrick dan Jane berbicara tentang politik di Amerika.
Jane: Are you sad to miss the election in America?
Jane: Apakah kamu sedih melewatkan pemilihan di Amerika?
Patrick: Not too much. Everyone gets very nasty with people who support the other party when there is an election.
Patrick: Tidak terlalu. Semua orang menjadi sangat jahat dengan orang-orang yang mendukung pihak lain ketika ada pemilihan.
Jane: Yes, I do not like it when people cannot debate politics without becoming mean to each other.
Jane: Ya, aku tidak suka kalau orang tidak bisa berdebat politik tanpa bersikap kejam satu sama lain.
Patrick: I think most people are ok, but the most vocal ones cannot cope with anyone disagreeing with them.
Patrick: Aku pikir kebanyakan orang baik-baik saja, tetapi yang paling vokal tidak bisa mengatasi siapa pun yang tidak setuju dengan mereka.
Jane: Will you try to vote in the election from overseas?
Jane: Apakah kamu akan mencoba memberikan suara dalam pemilihan dari luar negeri?
Patrick: No I won’t bother. I live in a state that very strongly supports one of the parties, so the other one will never win.
Patrick: Tidak, aku tidak akan repot-repot. Aku tinggal di negara yang sangat mendukung salah satu pihak, sehingga yang lainnya tidak akan pernah menang.
Jane: Which one?
Jane: Yang mana?
Patrick: My state always votes Republican and the Democrats will never win there.
Patrick: Negaraku selalu memilih Partai Republik dan Demokrat tidak akan pernah menang di sana.
Jane: Do you want the Democrats to win?
Jane: Apakah kamu ingin Demokrat menang?
Patrick: I’m not sure. I don’t support one party strongly, so I just look at the policies.
Patrick: Aku tidak yakin. Aku tidak mendukung satu pihak dengan kuat, jadi aku hanya melihat kebijakannya.
Jane: That is a good way. Consider both and then decide.
Jane: Itu cara yang bagus. Pertimbangkan keduanya dan kemudian putuskan.
Fill in the Blanks!
Situation: Andrew and Bob go to vote together.
Andrew: I am glad that you decided to come and vote.
Bob: I haven’t voted before so you will have to __________(1)__________.
Andrew: First we’ll have to see if your name is on the electoral register.
Bob: What happens if I’m not in the register?
Andrew: You won’t be able to vote. You’ve to be registered if you want to vote.
Bob: Ok, what happens next if I can vote?
Andrew: The official will __________(2)__________ and cross your name off the list to show you have voted.
Bob: How should I vote?
Andrew: You take the ballot paper to the polling booth and __________(3)__________ next to the name of the person you want to vote for.
Bob: Who should I vote for?
Andrew: That is your decision. Each candidate’s party will be listed as well, so think about which __________(4)__________.
Andrew: Then you fold the paper so no one can see your vote and __________(5)__________.
Bob: Is that all I have to do?
Choose the best option (A-D) in the following five questions to fill in the blanks in the political conversation given above.
1) Which option is the best to fill in the first blank?
A) tell me what to do.
B) tell me who to vote for.
C) show me which candidate to select.
D) show me the way out.
2) Which option is the best to fill in the second blank?
A) ask you who you will vote for.
B) tell you to leave.
C) give you a ballot paper.
D) ask you to write down your address.
3) Which option is the best to fill in the third blank?
A) put a mark or cross.
B) write your name.
C) draw a picture.
D) write down what you want the person to do.
4) Which option is the best to fill in the fourth blank?
A) is your favorite color.
B) party’s policies you like.
C) name you think sounds strong.
D) restaurant to want to eat at.
5) Which option is the best to fill in the fifth blank?
A) take it home.
B) post it to the Queen.
C) put it in the ballot box.
D) leave it in the voting booth.
Politics in the UK
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, which means that the Queen is the head of state but she does not actively participate in politics. The British people vote for the members of parliament and they make the laws and run the country for the Queen. The Queen the signs all the laws passed by the politicians but she does not have any responsibility for saying what the laws should be about.
The political leader of the UK is the Prime Minister, who is also called the PM. This person is the leader of the political party that has the most seats in the House of Commons. Normally in the UK, there is one party with a majority in the House of Commons, which means they have more than half of the seats, that forms the government to run the country. Sometimes if one part does not have enough seats to form a majority it will need to form a coalition with another party, and they will run the country together.
The UK is divided into many different constituencies, and each constituency is represented by one member of parliament, also called an MP. Nearly all the MP in the UK belong to a political party. The two biggest parties are the Conservatives and Labour. There are then several smaller parties, such as the Liberal Democrats, Green Party, UK Independence Party (UKIP) or SNP (Scottish Nationalist Party). Some MPs may also be independents, which means they are not linked to any party.
Normally there are elections every five years in the UK. The polling day is normally a Thursday. When there is an election, polling stations are set up all around the country so everyone can go and vote. Everyone who is on the electoral register has one vote. Most people go to polling stations where they get a ballot paper. On the ballot paper, there is a list of all the candidates that are standing for election, and the person needs to make a mark by the name of the person they want to vote for. When they have done this they put their ballot paper in the ballot box.
In the UK, the candidate with the most votes in a constituency is the winner. They get to go to London and become an MP in the Houses of Parliament. It is their job to represent their constituents and try to run the country in a fair and proper way.
Reading comprehension questions that go with the above reading passage.
1) Who is the head of state in the UK?
A) The President
B) The PM
C) The Queen
D) The King
2) What happens when no party has a majority in the House of Commons?
A) There is another election.
B) A coalition forms.
C) The Queen runs the country.
D) Nothing happens.
3) Who can vote in an election in the UK?
A) Everyone over 25 years old.
B) Everyone who is on the electoral register.
C) Everyone who goes to a polling station.
D) Everyone that pays some money.
4) Who is the winner in an election in the UK?
A) The person with the most votes.
B) The person who worked the hardest.
C) The person who is a member of the winning party.
D) The person is chosen by the PM.
5) Normally, how often are elections held in the UK?
A) Every 3 years.
B) Every 4 years.
C) Every 5 years.
D) Every 6 years.
Politics Vocabulary List with Definitions
- Ballot: A piece of paper that lists all the options that can be voted for (same as ballot paper). (noun)
- Ballot box: The container that is used to hold all the used ballot papers. (noun)
- Ballot paper: A piece of paper that lists all the options that can be voted for (same as ballot). (noun)
- Big government: A description of the government that is believed to be too much by some. (noun)
- Bill: A draft form of a law before it has been approved by a vote. (noun)
- Bipartisan: Something that is supported by politicians from two different political parties. (adjective)
- By-election: An election that happens in-between regular elections. (noun)
- Campaign: The contest between politicians to be elected. (noun)
- Candidate: A person who wishes to be elected via a vote. (noun)
- Caucus: To meet together to select a candidate to represent a political party. (verb)
- Capitalism: A political and economic system where the people rather than the state own items. (noun)
- Challenger: A person who hopes to beat someone in an election. (noun)
- Checks and balances: The different parts of the American political set up that ensures power is distributed appropriately. (noun)
- Coalition: When two or more political parties work together to form a government. (noun)
- Communism: A political belief in which the state owns everything, a form of socialism. (noun)
- Congress: The elected part of the USA government. (noun)
- Conservative: A UK right-wing political party or a member/supporter of that party. (noun) Supporting right-wing political beliefs. (adjective)
- Constituency: The area of a country that is represented by a certain elected official. (noun)
- Constituent: A person that votes in a specific area for a certain group of candidates. (noun)
- Constitution: The document that states the basic laws that govern a country. (noun)
- Convention: A gathering of the members of a political party. (noun)
- Coup d’ Etat: An illegal change of government, often using force and often done by the military. (noun)
- Debate: A conversation between people where they try to convince others that they have the correct beliefs. (noun)
- Delegate: A person who is chosen or elected to attend an event to represent a larger group of people. (noun)
- Democracy: A political system where the population of a country votes for the people that will lead them. (noun)
- Democrats: A USA left-wing political party or a member/supporter of that party. (noun)
- Dictator: A leader of a country that was not elected and uses force to stay in power. (noun)
- Dictatorship: A political system where one person (or group of people) has absolute power and there are no elections. (noun)
- Dissolution: To end something so it is separated into its parts, e.g., the dissolution of parliament. (noun)
- Elect: To chose someone using a vote. (verb)
- Election: The process of voting to select winners to fill a political position. (noun)
- Electoral register: The list of everyone who lives in an area and can vote in an election. (noun)
- Electorate: The group of people who are allowed to vote in an election. (noun)
- Fascism: A political system that is based on a strict government with set levels. (noun)
- Federal: The government at the national level as opposed to local level government, especially in the USA. (adjective)
- First past the post: A voting system where the candidate with the most votes is the winner and the losing candidates get nothing. (adjective)
- Government: The group or political party that is in charge of a country or area. (noun)
- Head of State: The person who leads and represents a country. (noun)
- House of Commons: The lower part of the British parliament where the elected politicians’ debate and vote. (noun)
- House of Lords: The upper part of the British parliament where elected and non-elected politicians debate and vote. (noun)
- House of Representatives: The lower part of the USA congress where elected politicians debate and vote. (noun)
- Houses of Parliament: The building that holds the Houses of Commons and Lords in the United Kingdom. (noun)
- Incumbent: The person that currently holds a (political) office. (noun)
- Independent: A candidate or elected person who is not a member of a political party. (noun)
- King: A male head of state in a monarchy. (noun)
- Labour: A UK left-wing political party. (noun)
- Landslide: A victory that is very large. (noun)
- Law: one of the rules that people must follow when they are in a country, or the complete set of rules that the people must follow. (noun)
- Leaflet: A small piece of paper that has information printed on it. (noun)
- Left-wing: To support socialist beliefs or to believe in promoting public welfare. (adjective)
- Legislation: The process of forming new laws. (noun)
- Liberal: A person who believes in progress and protecting civil liberties. (noun)
- Lobby: To try to persuade someone, often a politician, to do as you want. (verb)
- Majority: To have more than half of something, such as votes or seats. (noun)
- Manifesto: A document that states what a political party or government will do. (noun)
- Marxism: To follow the beliefs of Karl Marx that communism is the best political policy. (noun)
- Member of Parliament: A person who is elected to a parliament, also MP. (noun)
- Minister: A politician that has a specific job in the government. (noun)
- Monarchy: A system where the head of state is a king or queen. (noun)
- MP: A person who is elected to a parliament, also member of parliament. (noun)
- Nominee: A person who has been selected to stand for political office. (noun)
- Non-elected: An official who has a permanent job and does not have to stand for election. (adjective)
- Opinion poll: A survey in which a random group of people is asked their views. (noun)
- Opposition: The political party that is in a minority and does not form the government. (noun)
- Parliament: The place in certain countries where the politicians meet to debate and vote. (noun)
- Party: A group of people with the same beliefs, e.g., political party. (noun)
- Patriot: A person who loves their country. (noun)
- PM: The person who leads the government in a country with a parliament, also prime minister. (noun)
- Policy: A plan that a government or political party will follow when in government. (noun)
- Poling station: The place that people go to vote. (noun)
- Political: To be related to politics or politicians. (adjective)
- Political party: A group of people with the same political beliefs. (noun)
- Politician: A person who has been elected to represent a constituency or someone involved with politics. (noun)
- Politics: The process of choosing a leader for a country, and them leading the country. (noun)
- Poll: A survey in which random people are asked their views. (noun)
- Postal vote: A vote that can be cast using the post rather than visiting a polling station. (noun)
- President: The head of state in a republic. (noun)
- Primary: A first selection where members of a political party chose the person to stand in an election. (noun)
- Prime Minister: The person who leads the government in a country with a parliament, also PM. (noun)
- Propaganda: Information that supports or dismisses a topic that maybe at least partially untrue. (noun)
- Proportional representation: A voting system in which parties get seats related to their total number of votes. (noun)
- Pundit: A person who is an expert and often works for the media. (noun)
- Queen: A female head of state in a monarchy. (noun)
- Referendum: A vote by the population of a country about a specific topic or piece of legislation. (noun)
- Regime: The collective group of people responsible for running a country. (noun)
- Republic: A system where the head of state is a president. (noun)
- Republican: A USA right-wing political party or a member/supporter of that party. (noun)
- Right-wing: To support conservative beliefs or to believe in limited government. (noun)
- Run: To contest an election. (verb)
- Seat: A position in an elected body that is reserved for the specific winner of each constituency. (noun)
- Senate: The upper part of the USA congress where elected politicians debate and vote. (noun)
- Socialism: A political belief that the state or country should own everything. (noun)
- Socialist: Supporting socialism. (adjective)
- Speaker: The person who leads and ensures the functioning of a body of politicians. (noun)
- Spin: To show information so that only positive or negative parts can be seen. (verb)
- Spin doctor: A person who can spin information to hide the true meaning. (noun)
- State: A single independent country. (noun) The organizations and people that run a country. (noun) A subdivision of a larger country. (noun)
- Turn-out: The number or proportion of the total that can do something. (noun)
- Vice President: The deputy to a president who will become the head of state if the president can no longer do the job. (noun)
- Vote: To take part in an election by selecting a candidate. (verb)
- Whip: A politician with the job to ensure the other politicians in the party do as they are told to do. (noun)
Semoga contoh dialog di atas dapat membatu kalian merangkai kata dan membuat sebuah dialog Bahasa Inggris dengan kalimat dan situasi kalian masing-masing. Tetap semangat belajar! Good Luck.