PustakaBahasaInggris.com – Artikel hari ini masih tentang “Reported Speech” yang selalu membuat bingung bila tidak memahami penjelasan dasarnya.
Nah, sobat… Dalam bacaan ini saya akan memberikan jalan pintas untuk kalian semua memahami tentang Penggunaan Reported Speech dalam Kalimat Simple Past Tense.
Lalu apa langkah yang harus kalian pelajari di awal?
Untuk memahami bacaan ini, maka hal penting yang harus kalian pahami adalah mempelajari tentang pengetahuan dasar dari Simple Past Tense itu sendiri. Ikuti link di bawah ini untuk mempelajari nya:
Bila kalian telah membaca dan memahami bacaan pada link di atas, maka simak bacaan hari ini tentang:
Penjelasan dan Penggunaan Reported Speech dalam Kalimat Simple Past Tense
Jika kalimat Simple Present Tense berubah menjadi Simple Past Tense untuk Reported Speech.
Lalu apa yang terjadi bila kalimat itu adalah Simple Past Tense? Apa perubahan yang terjadi?
Jika kalian ingin merubah Simple Past Tense ke dalam Reported Speech, maka perubahan yang terjadi adalah bentuk Tense menjadi Past Perfect Tense.
– I was in Bali (Simple Past Tense)
> I had been in Bali (Past Perfect Tense)
– We were in Bali (Simple Past Tense)
> We had been in Bali (Past Perfect Tense)
Jika dalam kalimat Simple Past Tense: Penggunaan “was/ were” sebagai auxiliary, maka untuk Past Perfect Tense akan menjadi “had been”
– He took a picture. (Simple Past Tense)
> He had taken a picture. (Past Perfect Tense)
– They played games. (Simple Past Tense)
> They had played games. (Past Perfect Tense)
Jika dalam kalimat Simple Past Tense: Penggunaan “verb-2/ Past” sebagai kata kerja, maka untuk Past Perfect Tense akan menjadi “had + Verb-3/ Past Participle”. Ingat bentuk kata kerja yang beraturan/ Regular Verb dan kata kerja tidak beraturan/ Irregular Verb.
Contoh Penggunaan Reported Speech dalam Kalimat Simple Past Tense dalam sebuah Dialog
Situation: Jesica comes back home from Bali. Mark asks some question about her experiences in Bali. Dolph will ask Mark about Jesica’s experiences.
Jesica: Hi Mark… I went to Bali and I did some activities there. Bali was so amazing place. Mark: Hi. Jes… I didn’t see you for 2 months. Where did you go, Jes?
Mark: Oh yeah. Cool… Tell me more about Bali?
Jesica: What do you want to know?
Mark: Your activities of course.
Jesica: I enjoyed all day at the beach. It was the best moment.
Mark: Oh… I see.
Dolph: Where did Jesica go last 2 months, Mark?
Mark: She told me that she had gone to Bali the previous 2 months.
Dolph: What did she do in Bali, Mark?
Mark: She told me that she had done some activities and she said that Bali had been an amazing place.
Dolph: What was the best of her activity?
Mark: She said that she had enjoyed all day at the beach.
Contoh Reported Speech dalam Kalimat Simple Past Tense
He played guitar.
>> He told you that he had played guitar.
They studied English.
>> He told me that they had studied English.
I bought new books.
>> She said that she had bought new books
We were in the library.
>> I told you that we had been in the library.
She was 17 years old and she was energetic.
>> I said that she had been 17 years old and she had been energetic.
Jack did not have any brother.
>> She told me that Jack had not had any brother.
They were not in school.
>> Teacher told us that they had not been in school.
Pertanyaan/ Question menggunakan W/ H Questions
What did you do?
>> She asked me what I had done.
Where did you work last year?
>> He asked me where I had worked the previous year.
Why were you so sad?
>> She asked me why I had been so sad.
When was Jack back home?
>> He asked me when Jack had been back home.
How old was she?
>> Jack asked me how old she had been.
Pertanyaan/ Question menggunakan Yes/ No Questions
Were they at your home?
>> She asked me if they had been at my home.
Selamat mencoba dengan varian kalimat Simple Past Tense kalian masing-masing. Good Luck!
Temukan contoh soal GRAMMAR lain di sini:
Contoh Soal TEXT di sini:
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