Debat merupakan kegiatan adu argumentasi antara dua pihak atau lebih, baik secara perorangan maupun kelompok, dalam mendiskusikan dan memutuskan masalah dan perbedaan. Secara formal, debat banyak dilakukan dalam institusi legislatif seperti parlemen, terutama di negara-negara yang menggunakan sistem oposisi. Dalam hal ini, debat dilakukan menuruti aturan-aturan yang jelas dan hasil dari debat dapat dihasilkan melalui voting atau keputusan juri.
Debat kompetitif adalah debat dalam bentuk permainan yang biasa dilakukan di tingkat sekolah dan universitas. Dalam hal ini, debat dilakukan sebagai pertandingan dengan aturan (“format”) yang jelas dan ketat antara dua pihak yang masing-masing mendukung dan menentang sebuah pernyataan. Debat disaksikan oleh satu atau beberapa orang juri yang ditunjuk untuk menentukan pemenang dari sebuah debat. Pemenang dari debat kompetitif adalah tim yang berhasil menunjukkan pengetahuan dan kemampuan debat yang lebih baik.
PustakaBahasaInggris.com – Artikel hari ini berisi tentang Contoh Teks Debat Bahasa Inggris tentang INTERNET Lengkap dengan Argumentasi Pro dan Kontra.
Contoh Teks Debat Bahasa Inggris tentang INTERNET Lengkap dengan Argumentasi Pro dan Kontra
Teks Debat Bahasa Inggris tentang INTERNET
The Internet is the biggest world-wide communication network of computers. The Internet has millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and government networks, which together carry many different kinds of information. The term is sometimes abbreviated as “the net”. The World Wide Web is one of its biggest services. It is used by a few billion people all over the world.
The Internet was developed in the United States by the “United States Advanced Research Projects Agency” (DARPA). Internet was first connected in October 1969 and was called ARPANET. The World Wide Web was created at CERN in Switzerland in 1990 by a British (UK) scientist named Tim Berners-Lee.
Today, people can pay money to access the Internet from internet service providers. Some services on the Internet cost nothing to use. Sometimes people who offer these free services use advertising to make money from them. Censorship and freedom of speech on the Internet can be controversial.
Services on the internet
The Internet is used for many things, such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked web pages and other documents of the World Wide Web.
The most used service on the Internet is the World Wide Web (which is also called the “Web”). The Web contains websites, including blogs and wikis like Wikipedia. Web pages on the Internet can be seen and read by anyone (unless the page needs a password, or it is blocked).
The second biggest use of the Internet is to send and receive e-mail. E-mail is private and goes from one user to another. Instant messaging (such as AIM or ICQ) is similar to email but allows two or more people to chat to each other faster.
Some governments think the Internet is a bad thing, and block all or part of it. For example, the Chinese government thinks that Wikipedia is bad. Many times no one in China can read it or add to it. Some parents block parts of the Internet they think are bad for children to see. Well-known examples of the whole internet being blocked are in North Korea.
Dangers on the Internet
The Internet makes communication easy, and communication can be dangerous too. People often send secret information, and sometimes other people can steal that information. They can use the Internet to spread lies or stolen secrets or dangerously bad advice. For example, Facebook has had some problems with privacy settings. A person can post information on the website, but this is often a bad idea unless the person is very sure of what they are doing. One way to check for a secure website is to make sure the URL starts with https:// instead of http://. This means it is secured so other people cannot read information while it is being sent. However, it does not mean the website will do things to keep it safe.
- Some websites may trick people into downloading viruses that can harm a computer or spyware that spies on its users (looks at what they are doing and tells someone else). E-mails can also have harmful files with them as “attachments”.
- In internet chatrooms, people might be preying on others or trying to stalk or abuse them.
- The Internet contains content that many people find offensive such as pornography, as well as content intended to be offensive.
- Criminals may steal people’s personal information or trick people into sending them money.
Internet Brings More Harm Than Good
Has the arrival of the internet done more harm than good?
- The internet has become a major source of information for many people.
- Everyone’s privacy is greatly harmed by the internet.
- You can choose any identity you want when you are online.
- Many people are just addicted to the internet.
- Since the nineties, instant messaging and emailing has been used to extract passwords, bank account details or credit card numbers.
- The internet has allowed big companies to capture a lot of business online while smaller, local companies have lost out.
Pro and Contra
1. The internet has become a major source of information for many people.
The internet has become a major source of information for many people. However, online information has usually not gone through the same checks as newspaper articles or books. There is a higher risk that some of the facts or quotations from a particular source in an article are false. Whereas newspapers might lose customers if people find out they have been ‘selling lies’, a blog can be easily deleted. If people base their opinions on information they find online, they could well be basing their opinion on false facts. Since the internet gives equal space to the material of greatly varying quality, this is a serious risk.
The internet gives millions of people access to information they would not otherwise have had, which is a huge benefit. And people who read the news online are not that easy to fool. Especially when you spend a lot of time online, you can tell bloggers who just want to shout from bloggers who carefully refer to their sources. The type of people this argument worries about are not the type of people that read high-quality newspapers in the first place, they would read the trashy ones. The problem of bad information and news making is not unique to the internet; there are lots of trashy magazines as well. We learn in schools to double-check our sources and not believe everything we read, and we can apply that skill whilst surfing the internet.
Internet Brings More Harm Than Good
2. Everyone’s privacy is greatly harmed by the internet.
Everyone’s privacy is greatly harmed by the internet. We can quickly see what politicians and celebrities are doing when the paparazzi posts news pictures online, but people can also see what we’ve been doing. Some sites store information. Some ask us to fill in information which can be sold to other sites for commercial purposes. Once we post something online, it is almost impossible to erase it from the net. For example, if I break up with a person, they can take revenge and post embarrassing photos of me online. There have been numerous court cases where a woman demanded that her ex-remove some privately taken photos from a dating site so that she would be left alone. Unfortunately, the law cannot protect your right to privacy in this area.
You are the first and most important person to protect your own privacy. Don’t fill in private information, if you don’t want people to know about it. There are laws protecting you from websites that just sell on your information, but if you give personal information out without being sure that it will be properly used you only have yourself to blame.
3. You can choose any identity you want when you are online.
You can choose any identity you want when you are online. Many people hide behind profiles they have made up. They start making nasty remarks on public forums or chat rooms. They would never have normally said these things, but because they can hide behind an identity they start upsetting and hurting others. Even though other people can try to stop them from this behavior, their warnings are not as effective as a warning from someone you know very well, like a friend, a parent or a teacher. The internet’s anonymity allows them to show sides of themselves that, for good reasons, they normally wouldn’t have shown. This increases the risk that, because they get away with it online, they show similar behavior in their real life. This harms everyone.
Against this group of people who misbehave online is a group of people who have finally found individuals with similar mindsets. Not everyone likes the same things and the more unusual your preferences, the harder it will be to find friends. The internet has finally given many people a place where they can be themselves, and where they can meet like-minded people. It is a great relief for them that they do not have to fear being discovered by people they know.
You cannot let a small group of badly behaved people ruin the freedom of many others. We should work on creating better policies to deal with rude people, but we should not go back to the old situation where people who are different in some way end up feeling isolated and lonely.
4. Many people are just addicted to the internet.
Many people are just addicted to the internet. They can’t stop browsing, they are hooked on gaming and they spend too much time indoors. Instead of going out for a walk or play outside, they sit behind their computers for hours. A sad consequence of the addiction is that they are so used to high-speed information by just clicking on the next link that they can no longer appreciate a good book or a nice conversation with a friend. By failing to take exercise they grow fat and unhealthy. Their family life suffers and their only relationships are online – they can’t cope in the real world.
There is nothing wrong with sitting indoors. It’s better to sit indoors and actively research and surf online than to sit in front of a television and passively take in what the TV company decided you should watch. 20 years ago people used to worry kids spent too much time inside watching TV, but viewing hours have dropped as people choose to use the internet instead. There are lots of educational games and news sites we can browse around and learn from in a much more effective way than television could ever provide. Furthermore, many people keep up their social contacts online. Saying they cannot appreciate a nice conversation or a good book is just a wild claim.
5. Since the nineties, instant messaging and emailing has been used to extract passwords, bank account details or credit card numbers.
Since the nineties, instant messaging and emailing has been used to extract passwords, bank account details or credit card numbers. This phenomenon is called phishing. A phisher uses professional-looking websites and profiles, and tens of thousands of people have lost hundreds of thousands of dollars to phishers. If we could better control who contacts us, this would not have happened on such a large scale.
It is unfortunate that people who are willing to help have been abused by others. However, there have been many campaigns that raise awareness about phishing. Governments and banks have provided guidelines on how to recognize phishers. We should firmly deal with the crime of phishing, but not forget how much easier our life has become now that we can do our financial business online and via bank cards.
6. The internet has allowed big companies to capture a lot of business online while smaller, local companies have lost out.
The internet has allowed big companies to capture a lot of business online while smaller, local companies have lost out. And because the internet makes it easier to get work done abroad, jobs have left many western countries for low-wage countries abroad.
The internet has brought greater prosperity, allowing lots of different businesses to set up online. This has brought a lot more choice to ordinary people and also driven down prices as people find it easier to compare different companies products. Small businesses can cheaply set up online and find a market for their goods and services. And by making it easier to work anywhere with an internet connection, it has allowed many more people to work from home and to share out projects with co-workers over the whole world.
Semoga contoh teks debat di atas dapat membatu kalian dalam menyelesaikan tugas sekolah, khususnya pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Tetap semangat belajar! Good Luck.